Plant Biology


Harpin Proteins: Enhancing your Plant’s Natural Defense Systems Harpin Proteins: Enhancing your Plant’s Natural Defense Systems Harpin Proteins: Enhancing your Plant’s Natural Defense Systems Harpin Proteins: Enhancing your Plant’s Natural Defense Systems


What if you were able to naturally boost your plants immune system resulting in increased diseases resistance, photosynthesis and overall...

Trichome Trichome Trichome Trichome


There are several terpene-moderated variations of CBG acid molecules that determine the amounts of the various cannabinolic compounds found...

Hydroponic Leeks: A Not so Dirty Business After All Hydroponic Leeks: A Not so Dirty Business After All Hydroponic Leeks: A Not so Dirty Business After All Hydroponic Leeks: A Not so Dirty Business After All


Growing leeks is traditionally a dirty business, but hydroponics is about to change all that.

The Complexities of Defining and Measuring Light Energy The Complexities of Defining and Measuring Light Energy The Complexities of Defining and Measuring Light Energy The Complexities of Defining and Measuring Light Energy


Light energy is an extremely complex property to measure. In order to better understand light energy and its relation to our world, we have...

Are Cannabis Plants Monecious or Dioecious? Are Cannabis Plants Monecious or Dioecious? Are Cannabis Plants Monecious or Dioecious? Are Cannabis Plants Monecious or Dioecious?


Knowing that there are male and female flowers on marijuana plants is important for the successful cultivation of cannabis.

Pot Plant Anatomy Pot Plant Anatomy Pot Plant Anatomy Pot Plant Anatomy


Alan Ray provides a brief biology lesson on the cannabis plant to keep you in the loop.

Bloom Booster Bloom Booster Bloom Booster Bloom Booster


Advanced horticulturists have the knowledge and experience to achieve results without the use of bloom boosters. Kent Gruetzmacher tells us...

The Driving Force: Transpiration The Driving Force: Transpiration The Driving Force: Transpiration The Driving Force: Transpiration


We all know that water and nutrients move through a plant from roots to shoots, but do you know how that happens? Dr. J. Benton Jones, Jr....

Calcium Carbonate Calcium Carbonate Calcium Carbonate Calcium Carbonate


Calcium carbonate is just as useful to your plants as it is for you. Here are a few of the ways you can integrate this natural product into...

Roots, Shoots and the Party of Six Roots, Shoots and the Party of Six Roots, Shoots and the Party of Six Roots, Shoots and the Party of Six


In this article, William DeBoer dispels some of the misgivings people have about hydroponics and breaks down a few complex ideas into...

Prescribing Cannabinoids: The Terpene Connection Prescribing Cannabinoids: The Terpene Connection Prescribing Cannabinoids: The Terpene Connection Prescribing Cannabinoids: The Terpene Connection


The terpene fragrance compounds that modify the effect of the cannabinoid compounds for different medical applications can be helpful when...

I’ve Got You Covered: Leaf Area Index I’ve Got You Covered: Leaf Area Index I’ve Got You Covered: Leaf Area Index I’ve Got You Covered: Leaf Area Index


Leaf area index can be a little complex to understand, but it can be a useful tool once grasped.

DissolvedOxygen DissolvedOxygen DissolvedOxygen DissolvedOxygen


Maintaining a high level of dissolved oxygen in hydroponic nutrient solutions is one of the most important steps an indoor gardener can...

How Does a Plant's Immune System Work? How Does a Plant's Immune System Work? How Does a Plant's Immune System Work? How Does a Plant's Immune System Work?


The best way to protect our indoor crops is to understand how they protect themselves from threats like pests and diseases.

Medicinal Marijuana & the Endocannabinoid Receptors: What We Know So Far Medicinal Marijuana & the Endocannabinoid Receptors: What We Know So Far Medicinal Marijuana & the Endocannabinoid Receptors: What We Know So Far Medicinal Marijuana & the Endocannabinoid Receptors: What We Know So Far


The human body contains naturally occurring receptor sites for endocannabinoid compounds, which is what causes our minds and bodies to...

Stomata Stomata Stomata Stomata


Evolutionary wonders, stomata are vital to plant health. Knowing how they work and what they do for the plant is important knowledge for...

Setting the Record Straight: Primary vs. Secondary Plant Nutrients Setting the Record Straight: Primary vs. Secondary Plant Nutrients Setting the Record Straight: Primary vs. Secondary Plant Nutrients Setting the Record Straight: Primary vs. Secondary Plant Nutrients


There can be confusion sometimes when growers talk about nutrients. Our own Chris Bond takes us through the differences, and when we should...

Plant Sex: Dioeceous and Monoeceous Reproduction Plant Sex: Dioeceous and Monoeceous Reproduction Plant Sex: Dioeceous and Monoeceous Reproduction Plant Sex: Dioeceous and Monoeceous Reproduction


Genetic exchanges have been going on since bacteria ruled the earth. In time, special structures developed to get genes from one individual...

Methyl Jasmonate: Plant Defender and Communicator Methyl Jasmonate: Plant Defender and Communicator Methyl Jasmonate: Plant Defender and Communicator Methyl Jasmonate: Plant Defender and Communicator


For centuries, methyl jasmonate has been used in perfumes and teas as a component of the fragrance jasmine. It wasn’t until the middle of...

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