Plant Biology


Bloom Booster Bloom Booster Bloom Booster Bloom Booster


Advanced horticulturists have the knowledge and experience to achieve results without the use of bloom boosters. Kent Gruetzmacher tells us...

Calcium Carbonate Calcium Carbonate Calcium Carbonate Calcium Carbonate


Calcium carbonate is just as useful to your plants as it is for you. Here are a few of the ways you can integrate this natural product into...

I’ve Got You Covered: Leaf Area Index I’ve Got You Covered: Leaf Area Index I’ve Got You Covered: Leaf Area Index I’ve Got You Covered: Leaf Area Index


Leaf area index can be a little complex to understand, but it can be a useful tool once grasped.

DissolvedOxygen DissolvedOxygen DissolvedOxygen DissolvedOxygen


Maintaining a high level of dissolved oxygen in hydroponic nutrient solutions is one of the most important steps an indoor gardener can...

Stomata Stomata Stomata Stomata


Evolutionary wonders, stomata are vital to plant health. Knowing how they work and what they do for the plant is important knowledge for...

Plant Sex: Dioeceous and Monoeceous Reproduction Plant Sex: Dioeceous and Monoeceous Reproduction Plant Sex: Dioeceous and Monoeceous Reproduction Plant Sex: Dioeceous and Monoeceous Reproduction


Genetic exchanges have been going on since bacteria ruled the earth. In time, special structures developed to get genes from one individual...

Methyl Jasmonate: Plant Defender and Communicator Methyl Jasmonate: Plant Defender and Communicator Methyl Jasmonate: Plant Defender and Communicator Methyl Jasmonate: Plant Defender and Communicator


For centuries, methyl jasmonate has been used in perfumes and teas as a component of the fragrance jasmine. It wasn’t until the middle of...

Manipulating Flowering in the Grow Room Using Photoperiods Manipulating Flowering in the Grow Room Using Photoperiods Manipulating Flowering in the Grow Room Using Photoperiods Manipulating Flowering in the Grow Room Using Photoperiods


Plants that use the duration of their dark periods to signal flowering are said to be subject to photoperiodism and are classified as...

How Plant Hormones Work How Plant Hormones Work How Plant Hormones Work How Plant Hormones Work


Plants, just like humans and all other living things, make hormones to fulfill their natural functions.

Improving the Flavor of Crops with Photoperiodism Improving the Flavor of Crops with Photoperiodism Improving the Flavor of Crops with Photoperiodism Improving the Flavor of Crops with Photoperiodism


Understanding your plants’ photosynthesis requirements and matching them to proper lighting affects taste and nutrition in your hydroponic...

How a Fungal Outbreak Can Destroy an Entire Plant Cycle How a Fungal Outbreak Can Destroy an Entire Plant Cycle How a Fungal Outbreak Can Destroy an Entire Plant Cycle How a Fungal Outbreak Can Destroy an Entire Plant Cycle


Fungus spores are ubiquitous. For the average person, this is meaningless, unless it is allergy season or black mold is found in a dwelling...

How to Use Beneficial Bacteria for Pest and Disease Control in the Grow Room How to Use Beneficial Bacteria for Pest and Disease Control in the Grow Room How to Use Beneficial Bacteria for Pest and Disease Control in the Grow Room How to Use Beneficial Bacteria for Pest and Disease Control in the Grow Room


A growing number of modern horticulturists are learning about and embracing the power of microorganisms.

Understanding Circadian Rhythms in Plants Understanding Circadian Rhythms in Plants Understanding Circadian Rhythms in Plants Understanding Circadian Rhythms in Plants


Here is why understanding your plants’ circadian rhythms is beneficial.

Self, Cross, and Open Pollination - What's Going On? Self, Cross, and Open Pollination - What's Going On? Self, Cross, and Open Pollination - What's Going On? Self, Cross, and Open Pollination - What's Going On?


Unlike in the animal kingdom, there are a few different ways that plants “get busy” to pass along their genes.

From Imperfect to Perfect: An Introduction to Different Types of Flowers From Imperfect to Perfect: An Introduction to Different Types of Flowers From Imperfect to Perfect: An Introduction to Different Types of Flowers From Imperfect to Perfect: An Introduction to Different Types of Flowers


Here are 16 different types of flowers to serve as an introduction to the world of flowering plants.

Setting the Record Straight: Primary vs. Secondary Plant Nutrients Setting the Record Straight: Primary vs. Secondary Plant Nutrients Setting the Record Straight: Primary vs. Secondary Plant Nutrients Setting the Record Straight: Primary vs. Secondary Plant Nutrients


There can be confusion sometimes when growers talk about nutrients. Our own Chris Bond takes us through the differences, and when we should...

How Spectral Light Influences Plant Growth How Spectral Light Influences Plant Growth How Spectral Light Influences Plant Growth How Spectral Light Influences Plant Growth


Whether growing indoors or outdoors, color temperature can have a major impact on your plants’ height, leaf size, and harvest.

Summertime Gardening Tips to Help Your Plants Survive the Heat Summertime Gardening Tips to Help Your Plants Survive the Heat Summertime Gardening Tips to Help Your Plants Survive the Heat Summertime Gardening Tips to Help Your Plants Survive the Heat


Gardening during any season has its challenges, but summer can be one of the most brutal. Heat dries up the soil and burns a plant’s...

Salt of the Earth: Why Plants Need Salt in Their Diets Salt of the Earth: Why Plants Need Salt in Their Diets Salt of the Earth: Why Plants Need Salt in Their Diets Salt of the Earth: Why Plants Need Salt in Their Diets


For plants to take up nutrients, the nutrient must be in the form of ionic salt. But organic and synthetic nutrients feed plants at a much...

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