The Dutch Bucket Hydro System and How it Works

By Kent Gruetzmacher
Published: November 29, 2021 | Last updated: November 29, 2021 07:32:07
Key Takeaways

While there are many hydroponic setups growers can choose from, the Dutch bucket hydro system is one that’s cheap, environmentally friendly, and perfect for growers cultivating large plants.

When deciding on their equipment needs, hydroponic growers have more options than ever. Lucky for us today, hobbyist growers and professional engineers alike have toiled to create new and convenient ways to grow hydroponic crops. While all hydro systems are designed with the overall goals of efficiency and productivity, the methods for accomplishing such ends can diverge greatly.


Dutch bucket hydro systems have grown increasingly popular in the horticulture space due to their simplicity and versatility, as well as their environmental safeguards. Also known as “bato buckets,” Dutch bucket hydroponic systems are a great option for both home growers and commercial producers. These innovative designs borrow methods from drip irrigation systems as well as hydroponic setups. If you are wondering if a Dutch bucket hydro setup is right for you, please check out the following criteria.

Dutch Bucket Hydro System Basics

Dutch bucket hydro systems get their basic design principles from the ethos of recirculating hydroponics. However, Dutch bucket layouts are unique in the fact that irrigation water is pumped through individual large buckets, as opposed to a hydro table or deep water culture (DWC) reservoir. As can be surmised, the foundation of a Dutch bucket hydro system are the buckets themselves.
In the most basic Dutch bucket setups, the buckets are situated on a shelving system that is placed over a nutrient reservoir. These buckets, in turn, house a cultivation medium that supports the plants’ root zones.


The Dutch bucket hydro system functions as water is pumped through hoses from the reservoir and finally into the buckets. There are many variations that can be used to disperse water within the buckets. Many of these choices resemble equipment you would use in simple irrigation systems — such as drip rings. Once the buckets are thoroughly soaked and plants get nutrients to their roots, the excess water drains from the bottoms of the buckets. This water is then gravity fed through PVC pipe back into the nutrient reservoir.

dutch bucket hydroponic system

Recirculating Hydroponics

As mentioned earlier, Dutch bucket hydro systems are excellent examples of recirculating hydroponics. Also known as closed-loop hydroponics, these setups are celebrated for being environmentally friendly.


The hydroponics space is often viewed through two diverse schools of thought: recirculating and drain-to-waste. Eco-conscious cultivators favor recirculating hydro systems because they continuously recycle precious water and nutrients. This practice greatly reduces environmental impacts. Conversely, in drain-to-waste systems, irrigation water is only run through the garden one time before it is disposed of.

The water conservation practices of recirculating hydroponics systems are particularly attractive in dry climates like California. Especially for commercial producers in dry climates, such conservation methods could very well be the future of controlled environment agriculture (CEA).


The fact Dutch bucket hydro systems conserve water and nutrients also makes them financially attractive: the less water and nutrients you use to grow your crops, the less money you need to spend on garden inputs.

Perks of Dutch Bucket Hydro Systems

There are several perks to using Dutch bucket hydro systems. These advantages are related to versatility in crop choices as well as the overall simplicity in using Dutch buckets.

pepper plant growing in a dutch bucket setup

Large Plants

One reason why Dutch bucket hydro systems are popular is because they are compatible with larger plants. Hydroponic setups generally require small plants. In these systems, crops are grown in small containers and cubes that are situated on tables and shelves.

The fact Dutch bucket systems feature individual buckets gives them more versatility in growing bigger plants. In fact, most Dutch bucket cultivators only place a single plant per container. By giving plants ample space in their own containers, the garden canopy does not become crowded and plants can grow large.

Scalable Setups

Cultivators also appreciate Dutch bucket hydro systems because they are easily expandable. That being said, if you are interested in scaling your Dutch bucket system, all you need to do is add another bucket. This simplistic approach makes incremental scalability possible and it gives you the opportunity to work your way up into a larger garden.

Great DIY Option

A final consideration to make about Dutch bucket hydro systems is they are great do-it-yourself (DIY) projects. You can find a majority of the components needed to build a Dutch bucket system at your house as well as the local hardware store.

The most basic Dutch bucket setups can be built with buckets, garden hoses, PVC pipes, irrigation tubing, plastic bins, and a simple pump. By building a Dutch bucket hydro system yourself, you can save lots of money on overhead garden costs. This is particularly attractive for novice gardeners who are just learning about hydroponics.

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Whether you are an experienced horticulturist or a novice home gardener, it’s a good idea to have a basic understanding of different hydroponic setups. In studying the various hydro systems on the market today, you can better match your methods with your overall goals.

Dutch bucket hydro systems are popular in CEA cultivation because of their simplicity and versatility. Not only can you grow larger plants with Dutch buckets, you can also easily manipulate the size of your garden with these setups. What’s more, they allow you to produce large plants while maintaining careful control over garden inputs.

While the practical side of Dutch bucket systems are noteworthy, the environmental protections they afford are their real selling point. As the CEA space continues to grow and evolve, recirculating hydro systems like these are likely the way of the future. As such, if conservation efforts are at the forefront of your thinking, Dutch bucket hydro systems just might be the choice for you.


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Written by Kent Gruetzmacher | Writer, Owner of KCG Content

Profile Picture of Kent Gruetzmacher

Kent Gruetzmacher MFA is a Colorado-based writer and owner of the writing and marketing firm KCG Content. Kent has been working in the cannabis and hydroponics space for over a decade. Beginning in California in 2009, he has held positions in cultivation, operations, marketing, and business development. Looking specifically to writing, Kent has worked with many of the leading publications and marketing agencies in the cannabis space. His writing has been recognized by such icons as Steve D’Angelo and Rick Simpson.

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