What Does Taxonomy Mean?
Taxonomy is the science of classifying, describing,
and naming groups of organisms. All life on earth is classified by science
through taxonomy. This includes all plants, animals, and even microorganisms.
Taxonomists classify and arrange species according
to specific behavioral, genetic, and biochemical observations. Taxonomy
classifies species according to related aspects or traits that provides knowledge
essential to their management and sustainability.
Maximum Yield Explains Taxonomy
Because taxonomy provides unique names for species, the classifications enable everyone to be certain they are talking
about the same things. While there are
common names for these worldwide and in many languages, taxonomy provides
a unique Latin name for every species and sub-species.
Plants, fungus, microorganisms, and animals are
separated by species, a species being a related biological group that is able
to reproduce. A horse and a cow cannot reproduce, for
example, meaning they are each of a separate species. A taxonomist classifies and
names these related groups, which helps people learn more about these organisms.
Taxonomic knowledge thus far is not a complete
catalog of all of earth’s species. In 250 years, taxonomists have identified
and classified about 1.78 million species, although the actual number of earth
species is estimated at between 5 and 30 million.
While the common names may vary from region to
region or country to country, Latin names do not. Therefore, because of
Taxonomy, a 'cornus' in Wyoming is a 'cornus' in Germany
and everywhere else.