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Selective Breeding

Last updated: September 10, 2018

What Does Selective Breeding Mean?

Selective breeding is the practice of intentionally reproducing living species with the goal of attaining desirable and heritable traits. This is done with both animal and plant species by amateurs, hobbyists, professionals, and researchers alike. It is the cause and practice behind many familiar animals such as the family dog, and plants like common corn.

In cannabis cultivation, growers often use selective breeding to create new strains, carry on successful ones, an ensure maximum yield and uniformity in the grow room in order to please patients and ensure profits.

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Maximum Yield Explains Selective Breeding

The products of successful selective breeding are known as hybrids, which presumably display a combination of some or all of the desired traits of both of its parents. Some hybrids are capable of reproducing, others are sterile, such as with the mule, a hybrid of a horse and a donkey. The term “selective breeding” is often used interchangeably with the term “artificial selection”.

While it is impossible to say with any certainly the exact date selective breeding by man began, it is known that it has been done for thousands of years. The science behind what goes on at the genetic level was begun to be understood between the 18th and 19th centuries.

Crops and plants are selectively bred for practical as well as cosmetic reasons. Some of the stated reasons for selective breeding in marijuana plants include improvement in a plant’s appearance, taste, storage, potency, and resistance to insect and disease threats.

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