Cannabigerol Acid (CBGA)

Last Updated: August 13, 2018

Definition - What does Cannabigerol Acid (CBGA) mean?

Cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) is the precursor of all the cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. The acid is often deemed a mother cannabinoid because without some level of CBGA, no other cannabinoids would exist.

Unlike other cannabinoids, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBGA does not produce psychoactive effects when ingested. Researchers believe that CBGA may treat certain types of cancers and schizophrenia. It has also been shown to reduce inflammation, improve bone growth, and slow certain types of bacterial growth.

MaximumYield explains Cannabigerol Acid (CBGA)

CBGA appears to act as a low-affinity antagonist to the body’s CB1 receptor which helps make an individual’s body more accepting of the cannabinoids found in cannabis. Researchers continue to study CBGA to determine if it also has an effect on the body’s CB2 receptors.

Cannabigerolic acid production is a unique characteristic of the cannabis plant. Most strains of medicinal marijuana feature CBGA levels that are not quickly converted to other cannabinoids. However, heating marijuana plant material, a process known as decarboxylation, helps the CBGA acid rapidly turn into CBD, which the body can readily utilize.

Strains that are high in CBGA easily convert to usable CBD. Industrial hemp appears to contain higher levels of CBGA than other marijuana plant varieties or strains. It is believed that the elevated levels of CBGA found in hemp are due to a recessive gene that does not occur in other cannabis plants or strains as frequently.

This definition was written in the context of Cannabis
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