Definition - What does Biopesticide mean?
Biopesticides are natural pesticides that are sourced from natural materials, such as minerals, bacteria, plants, or animals.
According to botanists, there are around 1,400 products that are registered as biopesticides, and 299 active ingredients considered to have biopesticide properties. For example, baking soda and canola oil are officially classified as biopesticides that have pesticidal applications.
MaximumYield explains Biopesticide
Experts recognize between three major classes of biopesticides. The three major classes of biopesticides are:
- PIPs (Plant Incorporated Protectants): These are substances that are directly sourced from various genetic materials that are added to the plants. For example, scientists often introduce genes derived from Bt pesticidal proteins into the genetic material of the plant, hence creating a unique substance to destroy different types of pests.
- Microbial pesticides: These contain microorganisms such as protozoan, viruses, fungi and bacteria as active ingredients. Microbial biopesticides can be used to eliminate several different types of pests.
- Biochemical pesticides: These are non-toxic and natural mechanisms that can be used to inactivate or kill the bests by interfering with mating.
Biopesticides are said to be a safer alternative to synthetic chemicals. Before applying any type of pesticide to your plants, it's important to always read the label and select the right product for your crops and for the type of pest you are looking to eradicate.