Flavonoids

Definition - What does Flavonoids mean?

Flavonoids, or bioflavonoids as they are also known, are primarily responsible for the color of fruits and flowers. They are considered a very important part of plant biology. Because of flavonoids, flowers become colorful, which attracts pollinators such as bees and other insects.

Flavonoids are a class of bioactive compounds. A bioactive compound is any compound present in the foods of humans, animals, or plants that has an effect on the organism consuming it.

MaximumYield explains Flavonoids

There are three classes of flavonoids: regular flavonoids, isoflavonoids, and neoflavonoids, all of which are ketone-containing compounds. Ketones are simple, carbon-based organic compounds.

There are more than 500 different flavonoids that occur naturally in plants and perform a variety of functions. Flavonoids, for example, are responsible for the yellow color of citrus fruits and for most colors of plant blooms.

In taller plants, they can also act as chemical messengers, physiological regulators, or even cell cycle inhibitors. Flavonoids can also be involved with UV filtration, and symbiotic nitrogen fixation in plants like legumes like peas, beans, clover, and soy, as they are sometimes secreted by the root of their host plant, which helps the rhizobia during the nitrogen fixation process.

Flavonoids are closely related to carotenoids, another class of bioactive compound.

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