Definition - What does Mother Plant mean?
A mother plant is a plant that is grown specifically to take cuttings from to make clones. Mother plants are generally considered to be special plants with unique characteristics that gardeners want to reproduce. Cuttings taken from a mother plant will contain many or all of its mother's desired characteristics.
Cuttings, or clones, from a mother plant grow much quicker than seeds.
MaximumYield explains Mother Plant
Mother plants are often grown from seeds and exhibit unique and desirable characteristics. For example, a tomato plant that produces large, high-quality tomatoes, has a high yield, and strong physical characteristics would be an excellent candidate for a tomato mother plant.
Cuttings taken from the mother plant will grow to have the same genetic qualities as the original plant. This is why the plants resulting from these cuttings are called “clones”. When a stem cutting is taken from a mother plant, the piece of stem will produce new roots if it is properly hydrated. Additionally, some plants can be grown from leaf pieces, or leaf cuttings, and these will produce both stems and roots.
Some advantages of growing and maintaining a happy mother plant are the clones from it will have several positive aspects over plants that are grown from seeds. The gardener will know the exact type and amount of crop the plant will produce. Another advantage is that, when cut and grown properly, growers can see a 100 per cent success rate in propagating new plants. Taking clones from a mother plant is considered to be an economical way of producing new plants.
Plants can be cut and cloned during a flowering cycle, which allows growers to always have plants in the flowering cycle.