Definition - What does Budding mean?

In gardening, budding refers to an asexual propagation method during which a plant is converted into a second type of plant with specific characteristics.

Plants that result from budding commonly have a shorter maturity and stature than other plants that have been propagated directly from seeds. During budding, the new organism only separates itself from the parent plant at maturity.

MaximumYield explains Budding

The budding propagation technique is more commonly used by orchard growers to create semi-dwarf or dwarf fruit trees. The main advantage of using the budding process is that dwarf and semi-dwarf trees take less space in the orchard and require less time to produce fruit. In these cases, growers graft cross-pollinating trees to rootstock trees to create self-pollinating fruit trees.

The two main types of bud propagation are chip budding and shield budding, both of which require sharp bud knives that are often curved on one end. During shield budding, a healthy bud is retrieved from the plant and secured in a T-shaped cut. Grafting tape or rubber bands are used to secure the bud in its new position. On the other hand, the chip budding technique involves making a triangular cut on the rootstock plant before placing the bud in the incision and securing it into place.

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