Definition - What does Gynoecium mean?

In botany, the gynoecium refers to a flower’s innermost whorl. This part of the plant is normally surrounded by the stamens and houses at least one pistil. Consisting of the flower’s female reproductive parts, the gynoecium’s main function is to provide seeds and fruits following the fertilization process. The gynoecium also ensures proper embryo dispersal.

MaximumYield explains Gynoecium

In most angiosperms, the gynoecium displays a spiral shape, wrapped around a dome or conical-shaped receptacle. But, in lineages, it displays a whorl-like shape. According to botanists, there are three main types of gynoecium:

  1. Monocarpous: This refers to a gynoecium that consists primarily of a single carpel. Peaches, mangoes, and avocados all fall into this category.
  2. Apocarpous: A gynoecium with more than one distinct carpel is known as Apocarpous. For example: michelia, buttercup, or strawberry.
  3. Syncarpous gynoecium: This type of gynoecium refers mainly to fused and multiple carpels. Common examples include china roses and tulips.
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