Definition - What does Ectoparasite mean?
Ectoparasites refer to a leeching parasite that normally lives outside the host. Unlike endoparasites, ectoparasites tend to be contained within the soil. Some parasitic plants, including mistletoe, derive their minerals and nutrients from other plants around them. Angiosperms make up around 1% of parasitic plants. They can also be found in virtually every biome.
MaximumYield explains Ectoparasite
Several types of fungus are ectoparasites that live on the outer body of the plant. These include juvenile cicadas, beetles, nematodes, and certain scale insects. Some plants have been shown to be resistant to different parasite genotypes.
Ectoparasitic plants germinate through either mechanical or chemical ways. Some parasitic plants such as witchweed need to be close to the host plants in order to germinate. Belonging to the Orobanchaceae family, witchweed has been shown to have devastating effects on sugarcane, rice, corn, and sorghum crops. To treat witchweed and similar ectoparasites, it is recommended to clean the soil and grow uncontaminated seeds around the affectedarea.