Definition - What does Indoor Farming mean?
Indoor farming is a method of growing crops or plants, usually on a large scale, entirely indoors. This method of farming often implements growing methods such as hydroponics and utilizes artificial lights to provide plants with the nutrients and light levels required for growth.
A wide variety of plants can be grown indoors, but fruits, vegetables, and herbs are the most popular.
MaximumYield explains Indoor Farming
Indoor farming, often referred to as indoor gardening, can be used on both small and large scales, in home and commercially. However, indoor farming has a particular popularity in large cities where plots of land, in any size, are not readily available for growing and farming.
On a large scale, indoor farming is being used to help bolster local food supplies and provide fresh produce to communities in large cities. Many of these farms are vertical farms and can produce much more crops in a small area than can be produced in outdoor, soil-based farms. However, not all indoor farms are built on such a large scale. Some indoor farms can be created in an area as small as a basement and used by a single gardener to provide fresh produce for their home.
Most indoor farming uses a combination of hydroponics and artificial lighting to provide plants with the nutrients and light they would only receive when grown outdoors. However, some indoor farming methods, like those implemented in greenhouses, can use a combination of natural and artificial resources.
When growing indoors, many indoor farmers appreciate having more control over the environment than they do when they are using traditional farming methods. Light amounts, nutrition levels, and moisture levels can all be controlled by the farmer when they are growing crops solely indoors.
Although growing plants indoors can limit growing options, gardeners and farmers have a wide variety of plants to choose from when deciding what to grow indoors. Some of the most popular plants grown indoors are usually crop plants like lettuce, tomatoes, peppers, and herbs.