soil composition

Definition - What does soil composition mean?

One of the most important characteristics of nutrient management, soil composition refers to the nutrients and various other substances present in the soil. These are categorized into four basic categories: water, air, organic matter and minerals. It is important to analyze your soil composition and soil type prior to planting in order to ensure a profitable yield.

MaximumYield explains soil composition

Sandy soil, for example, is known for having larger spaces between its particles, which may cause water to drain quite rapidly. As a result, the plants have a harder time to reach the nutrients since they are carried away too quickly. Typical growing soil consists of around 20-30% air, 20-30% water, 5% organic matter and 45% minerals.

Your plants’ general health is heavily dependent upon the soil composition. As a result, gardeners should strike the proper balance between water, air, organic matter and mineral pieces. It is also helpful to know what type of soil you’re working with in order to help your plants develop better. According to botanists, most plants require 20% clay, 40% silt and 40% sand to thrive.


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