Definition - What does Organelle mean?

In botany, organelle refers to a structure located within a plant cell that performs a specific function. Some organelles have their own genetic material, including the chloroplast and the mitochondria. Organelles have various functions such as enzyme and hormone production to provide enough energy for the plant. These cells tend to be cube or rectangular-shaped.

MaximumYield explains Organelle

According to botanists, there are various types of organelles and each one possesses its own function. The primary types include:

  • Plasma Membrane: This particular organelle is crucial for regulating the movement of various substances. The plasma membrane consists of two layers.
  • Nucleus: The nucleus regulates an organism’s hereditary traits. It is also in control of cell divisions and protein synthesis. This organelle houses the hereditary material of the plant.
  • Mitochondria: The mitochondria is the largest organelle contained within a plant’s cell. This organelle is home to specific DNA material that renders it semi-autonomous.
  • Ribosome: The smallest organelles in a plant, ribosomes use a cell’s amino acids and RNA to produce proteins.
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