Definition - What does Nitrifier mean?
A nitrifier is a microbe, often found in garden soil, that converts ammonium into nitrates. It can also be described as a nitrogen-fixing bacterium. The nitrification process involves the biological oxidation of either ammonia or ammonium to nitrites, and then nitrates (NO3-).
MaximumYield explains Nitrifier
Plants require a number of minerals for healthy growth, including nitrogen. However, nitrogen isn't always available in forms that are easily accessible by plants. Therefore, nitrifiers are key components of a garden soil, as they are what turns ammonia into nitrates, which is one of the many important minerals for plants. The plants absorb these mineral ions, which dissolve in to the soil, through their roots. Nitrate ions are a crucial source of nitrogen that plants use to synthesize amino acids, a key ingredient to make proteins.
The nitrate ions can be found in freshwater samples, which are in turn derived from various natural and man-made sources. Most of the nitrogen on earth is found in the form of nitrogen gas in the atmosphere.
Among all other nutrients transported to the plants through the grow medium, nitrogen is required in the highest amounts. If a plant doesn’t get adequate amount of minerals, its growth will be affected and it could suffer from deficiency symptoms such as stunted growth. This is why nitrifiers play a crucial role in the world of plant nutrition.