Last Updated: August 23, 2018

Definition - What does Mitosis mean?

In general biology and plant biology, mitosis defines a process in cell division where chromosomes are duplicated. In mitosis, a single cell divides into two identical cells and it facilitates growth in plants and helps replenish dead cells. A change in mitosis results in altering DNA sequences and mutations in plants.

MaximumYield explains Mitosis

Mitosis describes the part of the cell cycle where replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei. During mitosis, the two branch cells formed from a cell are genetically identical to each other. The process of mitosis is divided into four stages: prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. Through the four phases the chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell pair cup, line up at the equator of the cell, split and rejoin to form two identical branch cells. If more than two branch cells are produced during mitosis, it is described as a mitotic error. Errors like this result in the death of cells and trigger mutations.

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