Last Updated: April 29, 2019

Definition - What does Mitochondria mean?

In plant biology, the mitochondria make up the eukaryote cells. Found in the cytoplasm, they are vital to energy conversion and consequently oxidize glucose to be used by the cell.

Additionally, mitochondria are involved in different cellular processes such as cell growth, cell division cycle, and signaling. With an inner and outer membrane, mitochondria consist of proteins as well as phospholipid.

MaximumYield explains Mitochondria

Because a mitochondrion features a double-membraned structure, this organism contains five different compartments, including the matrix, the cristae space, the inner mitochondrial membrane, the intermembrane space, and the outer mitochondrial membrane.

In plants, mitochondrion can take up a round shape and are covered by a dual membrane. The inner membrane is folded up while the outer one assumes a smoother texture. Back in the 1920s, a biochemist known as Warburg discovered that oxidative reactions usually occur in the smaller parts of the cell tissue in plants. In botany, mitochondrion play an active role in plant performance and development.

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