Last Updated: January 24, 2017

Definition - What does Hymenoptera mean?

Hymenoptera is an insect order whose member species possess membranous wings. The front membranous wings are larger than average.

While they can have some detrimental effects, these insects facilitate plant pollination.

MaximumYield explains Hymenoptera

Biologists recognize at least ninety families of hymenoptera, with over 100,000 species. The most common hymenoptera are ants, sawflies, wasps, and bees.

Insects in the hymenoptera order play a crucial role in pollination, especially when it comes to flowering plants. In fact, flowers pollinated by these particular insects tend to have ultraviolet patterns that are only visible to bees. These flowers are also blue or yellow in color and produce more nectar than usual.

The Hymenoptera have mouthparts used for chewing. As far as food is concerned, primitive forms tend to favor pine needles or green leaves. Wasps, on the other hand, prefer to feed on pollen and nectar.

Hymenoptera can be categorized into two different groups:

  1. Apocrita - Have a narrower waist. Includes ants, bees, and stinging wasps.
  2. Symphyta - Have no waist at all. Includes wood wasps, horntails, and sawflies.
Share this: