What Does Fermentation Mean?
Fermentation is a process by which plants create energy without using oxygen. Normally this occurs by way of cellular respiration, but in the absence of oxygen, plants and other life forms such as bacteria and fungi undergo fermentation. During respiration, carbon dioxide and water are produced in concert with energy; during fermentation, carbon dioxide is still produced, but instead of water, lactic acid is produced.
The fermentation process is sometimes known as “zymosis” due to the presence of the enzyme “zymase” produced under certain conditions. Fermentation is plants is often not an ideal situation, and often occurs in the presence of too much water, especially in the root zone.