Definition - What does Pruning mean?
An important gardening skill, pruning refers to the trimming and cutting of plants to rid them of any injured, dead, or infected roots and wood.
In some cases, pruning is also used as a preventive measure to make space for any new seedling or growth.
It is important to prune trees and shrubs at the proper time. While some plants need to be pruned after flowering, others are best treated during winter.
MaximumYield explains Pruning
Pruning can also be carried out to eradicate pests and various types of fungi. Ornamental plants need to be pruned to prevent overgrowth. In landscaping, shrubs and other similar decorative flora need to be pruned directly after flowering. Herbaceous plants, on the other end, need to be pruned after every growing season.
In nurseries, it is common practice to prune plants before harvesting or transplanting. This can increase both the quality and quantity of flowers.
More delicate flora such as grapevines, fruit trees, roses and daisies require specialized pruning techniques to avoid causing any damage to the plant.
Pruning tools include loppers, chainsaws and hand pruners. In some cases, plants can self-prune as a result of various meteorological conditions such as snowfall. Some flora, such as evergreens, do not require a lot of pruning.