Many novice growers, as well as more experienced ones, struggle with the quality of their weed buds. The plant might grow fantastically, but it just doesn't always seem to produce the most desired results.
However, worry not! It's all in the small steps and details. The following list highlights 10 tips that will help you improve the quality of your buds.
Source quality cannabis seeds
Just like in cooking, where a delicious dinner requires high-quality products, growing quality buds requires high-quality seeds. Get to work and do some research about your options. Alternatively, you can clone a plant, just make sure to choose one that has developed sturdy roots. Also, don't forget to get more information about the strain and its specifics in order to provide the most proper conditions.
Maintain proper grow room temperature and humidity
Making sure that both an appropriate temperature and good amount of humidity are matched to the plant's needs is a cornerstone to weed growing. You need to be constantly aware of the temperature and humidity in the room because even the slightest fluctuations can have a drastic impact.
Here is what you should aim for:
- For a seedlings – a preferred temperature of 65-75°F with a humidity of 60% for the first two weeks
- For adult plants under lighting – a preferred temperature of no more than 80% and decreasing humidity by 5% for the first four weeks
- For adult plants without lighting – a preferred temperature of 62-72°F with about 55% humidity
Naturally, if you're growing outdoors this is not an issue, but otherwise it's something that should be considered. CO2 plays a vital role in the way plants absorb light and then convert it into energy, and needs to be abundant in the growing space.
Provide the proper nutrients
In order to achieve those dense and fat buds, your plants needs some external stimulus in the form of nutrients. You need to give it the right amount for each growth stage, especially when it's flowering. During the flowering stage, make sure that the nutrients are low on nitrogen but rich in phosphorus and potassium.
It's not recommended to use a general plant nutrient because most of them are quite heavy on nitrogen, which will lead to the exact opposite results you're hoping for – small buds.
Airflow and spacing in cannabis plants
Adequate spacing around the buds is very important because it allows them to reach their full potential without any constraints.
Take care of any branches or leaves that might be hindering the way of fresh air or light, preferably by using the so called LST or Low Stress Training. This is a method that most often involves bending of plant branches in order to enhance the structure in a beneficial way, keeping in mind that there is no cutting involved.
For even more positive results with airflow, it is recommended to use further aids such as fans and filters in the room at all times. Ventilation of stale air is also key.
Pruning cannabis plants
As they say, there is a time for low stress training and then there is a time to prune. The aforementioned LST has its benefits, but occasionally you will still need to cut parts of your plant. Pruning can be a very efficient method to help your plant produce better yields.
In the case of growing marijuana, it is used to remove small and not-very-well looking buds, in order to get fewer, but considerably larger and denser buds. Note that pruning is a process for the vegetation growth stage, otherwise the plant won't be able to recover and grow stronger.
Sufficient container space
Using big containers might seem like it helps, but it's actually better to use medium-sized ones. This is mainly because in a large container, it takes the plant more time and effort to reach the nutrients and settle in the soil. Oftentimes, the plant has matured fully but there is a lot of unused soil left in the container. This is not very efficient and the resources can be utilized in a better way.
Of course, the opposite holds true if the container is too small. There won't be enough space and soil for the roots to fully develop and the plant's yields will suffer.
Regardless of whether you're growing marijuana indoors or outdoors, providing it with proper support can benefit its development greatly. The best and most inexpensive methods for doing so are to use a cage, a stake, or a net, depending on your specific growing conditions.
Some of the most preferred marijuana strains have weak branches by nature, therefore a good support is essential to help them bear the weight of the buds.
Lighting is among the most important things you should consider when growing marijuana. It affects its growth both in terms of size and speed, but also plays a crucial role in the quality of the buds.
Many inexperienced growers tend to provide insufficient lighting and suffer poor yields. Note that common household lightbulbs are not sufficient for plant growth. Growers much choose from options light T5 florescent, HID lighting like HPS or MH, or LEDs.
If choosing LEDs, it is important to use powerful, full-spectrum LED grow lights in which the wavelength can be adjusted to best fit the plant's needs throughout each growth stage. Furthermore, there are other benefits to using this type of lighting, such as energy efficiency, output, and durability.
Harvesting at the right time
Harvesting as soon as you sense the smell and see the buds fattening up is always very tempting, especially considering all the preparation and efforts that go into the growing process. But in order to get the optimum yield, one must be patient and choose the right moment. Of course, waiting too long is also not preferable, as it affects potency.
Growing marijuana can sometimes be challenging, but producing quality buds can be an even greater task without the proper knowledge base. If you just follow these 10 tips, positive results are likely to follow. The more you put to practice what you've taken away from this list, the better your yields will be.